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Science & Engineering Libraries

Fall Workshops in the Sciences Libraries – Drop in and Learn!

This fall there is once again a packed schedule of drop-in workshops in the Science and Engineering Libraries! Topics include Citation Management, Literature Searching, Geographic Information Systems (GIS), Data Management, Data Visualization, NCBI tools, LaTeX, and more. Please check the Science Libraries Events Calendar for times, dates, locations, and class descriptions.

Wiley Spectra Lab: Search the world’s largest NMR spectral collection

Do you need a fast, easy way to access spectra and identify an unknown compound?

Wiley Spectra Lab has acquired spectral data from Wiley, Wiley-VCH, Bio-Rad Sadtler and others to present the world’s largest collection of curated spectral data. Current licensing includes C-NMR, H-NMR and X-NMR spectroscopies.

You can search Wiley Spectra Lab in OskiCat or access it through the Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Library Guide under Properties and Data. Contact the Chemical Information Librarian, Kortney Rupp with any issues or questions.

An infographic describing Wiley Spectra Lab

Infographic for Wiley Spectra Lab

The eclipse, the Library, and you

Chasing Eclipses

Whether you’re hopping in an Oregon-bound car to catch the total solar eclipse in Salem, boarding a plane for central Wyoming to watch the moon’s shadow pass over Casper, or just staying put to catch a partial view right here in the Bay Area, the library has tons of great information to help you enjoy this rare celestial event. Make sure to check out our Maps and More Guide about the eclipse (and solar eclipses in general). Read Chasing Eclipses (pictured above), a 1929 account of the total solar eclipses of 1905, 1914, and 1925. See this 1957 report from the Georgetown Observatory about eclipses by Vera Rubin (who, incidentally, helped make the case for the existence of dark matter, as described in this New York Times profile). And for a literary accounting of a total solar eclipse, find a copy of Annie Dillard’s Teaching a Stone to Talk and and (re)read her essay about her experience watching (and feeling) the sun disappear behind the moon in central Washington on February 26, 1979:

What you see in an eclipse is entirely different from what you know. It is especially different for those of us whose grasp of astronomy is so frail that, given a flashlight, a grapefruit, two oranges, and fifteen years, we still could not figure out which way to set the clocks for Daylight Saving Time. Usually it is a bit of a trick to keep your knowledge from blinding you. But during an eclipse it is easy. What you see is much more convincing than any wild-eyed theory you may know.

Overleaf and ShareLaTeX – Joining Forces!

Overleaf and ShareLaTeX, online collaborative LaTeX editors, will soon be merging into one platform, utilizing their individual strengths. Both tools emerged on the market around the same time in 2012, seeing incredible growth and promise from users as longterm, useful tools. In January 2017, the UC-Berkeley Library subscribed to both tools in order to provide our researchers and students with pro account features of both tools. Both tools enable users to collaborate with groups and individuals on documents; simplify file directories; provide real-time previews; quickly identify errors; and provide access to excellent training tools and hundreds of templates from publishers and different types of documents, not just articles. If you regularly write documents in LaTeX, consider integrating one of these tools into your workflow. Both of them integrate with citation management software, git or GitHub, and provide revision history. Overleaf and ShareLaTeX contribute to a research workflow environment of transparency and preservation, both of which lend well to sharing and revisiting data and notation by others or your future self.
overleaf logo and ShareLaTeX logo
Individually, ShareLaTeX and Overleaf have focused on developing different strengths.
  • WYSIWYG editor
  • publisher relationships for streamlined submission process
  • integration with Mendeley (which we also have an institutional subscription to!)

The merger of the two platforms will focus on bringing together the strongest components of each tool. For now,  you can continue to create accounts on either platform and continue with your work. The founders of ShareLaTeX and Overleaf would like input from their users through this survey.

In the meantime, please join us at the Kresge Engineering Library to learn more about LaTeX and how to write in ShareLaTeX and Overleaf. We will be holding three workshops at the beginning of fall semester, in the Kresge Engineering Library Training Room:

August 24th, 4:00 – 5:00: Introduction to LaTeX
August 31st, 4:00 – 5:00: Typesetting in Math
September 7th, 4:00 – 5:00: Creating Tables, Figures, and Bibliographies

Please register through this form.

Please let us know if you have any questions about the Overleaf and ShareLaTeX merger, or the upcoming workshops.

ASHRAE Standards and Guidelines: now online!

UC Berkeley researchers now have full online access to standards issued by the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE). ASHRAE Standards and Guidelines are widely used by researchers and professionals in the design and maintenance of indoor environments and those interested in refrigeration processes. Access is provided through the Techstreet Enterprise platform and requires the proxy or VPN from off-campus.

In addition to the Standards and Guidelines, ASHRAE also publishes a series of Transactions and Handbooks. Interested in other ASHRAE publications? Check OskiCat for access or contact a librarian for help!

GitHub: Archiving and Repositories

Github has become ubiquitous in the coding world and, with the advent of data science and computation in a slew of other disciplines, researchers are turning to the version control repository and hosting service. Google uses it, Microsoft uses it, and it’s on the list of the top 100 most popular sites on Earth. As a librarian and a member of the Research Data Management team, I often get the question: “Can I archive my code in my Github repository?” From the research data management perspective, the answer is a little sticky.

github mark

The terms “archive” and “repository” from GitHub mean something very different than their definitions from a research data management perspective. For example, in GitHub, a repository “contains all of the project files…and stores each file’s revision history.” Archiving content on GitHub means that your repository will stay on GiHub until you choose to remove it (or if GitHub receives a DMCA takedown notice, or if it violates their guidelines or terms of service).

For librarians, research data managers, and many funders and publishers, archiving content in a repository requires more stringent requirements. For example, Dryad, a commonly known repository, requires those who wish to remove content to go through a lengthy process proving that work has been infringed, or is not in compliance of the law (read more about removing content from Dryad here). Most importantly, Dryad (and many other repositories) take specific steps to preserve the research materials. For example:
* persistent identification
* fixity checks
* versioning
* multiple copies are kept in a variety of storage sites

A good repository provides persistent access to materials, enables discovery, and does not guarantee, but takes multiple steps to prevent data loss.

So, how can you continue to work efficiently through GitHub and adhere to good archival practices? GitHub links up with Zenodo, a repository based out of CERN. Data files are stored at CERN with another site in Budapest. All data is backed-up on a daily basis with regular fixity and authenticity checks. Zenodo assigns a digital object identifier to your code, making it persistently identifiable and discoverable. Check out this guide on Making Your Code Citable for more information on linking your GitHub with Zenodo. Zenodo isn’t perfect and there are a few limitations, including a max file size of 50 GB. Read more about their policies here.

UC-Berkeley has its own institutional version of GitHub, which means that Berkeley development teams and individual contributors can now have private repositories (and private, shared repositories within the Berkeley domain). If you’d like access, please email github@berkeley.edu. Additionally, we have institutional subscriptions to Overleaf and ShareLaTeX, both of which integrate with GitHub.

Please contact researchdata@berkeley.edu if you’d like more information about archiving your code on GitHub.

Elsevier, Springer Nature, and AAAS: Publisher Research Data Policies

Ever since the Office of Science and Technology introduced a policy addressing the public’s access to data, federal granting agencies, non-profit granting agencies (like the Gates Foundation), publishers, universities, and researchers have been adjusting to reflect changes in access to data at the national level.  The policy requires federal agencies with over $100 million in annual research and development expenses to make research results public and provide a plan for doing so.

As a researcher, this is a difficult landscape to navigate for a number of reasons:
  • you may have entered into a research project mid-grant and are unaware of the data management plan that was included in the grant proposal
  • the data management plan that was included in the grant application is not being followed
  • you’re not sure how funder mandates line up with publisher requirements
  • the language that publishers include about data sharing or publishing aren’t straight forward
  • you know that you’re supposed to make your data public, but you don’t know where to do this or how to do this

There are a number of other obstacles that make data publishing difficult, but for today, let’s take a look at the data sharing policies of three publishers in the Engineering and Physical Sciences. Publishers will often use suggestive or idealistic language, but does that mean you’re off the hook for sharing? If your publisher requires that you make your data public, how do you comply with your funder data mandate and your publisher data policy?

Elsevier is a massive publisher that currently publishes over 49,000 journals in Health, Life Sciences, Physical Sciences and Engineering, and Social Sciences and Humanities. They also publish books, major reference works, and somewhat recently, acquired Mendeley, citation management software. Their most recent product, Mendeley Data, is a cloud-based repository for datasets. To sum it up – Elsevier is huge. They’ve divided their research data policy into two parts – Principles (the expectations, “shoulds,” and “needs” underpinning their research data policy) and Policy (what they actually do). Elsevier’s principles are idealist and sound great and their policies are suggestive.

For example, one of Elsevier’s Data Sharing Principles:
“Research data should be made available free of charge to all researchers wherever possible and with minimal reuse restrictions.”

“We will encourage and support researchers and research institutions to share data where appropriate and at the earliest opportunity.”

In their Research data FAQ section they answer the question:
“Is it compulsory to share my research data?”
A: No.

They’ve taken an interesting approach that sets up researchers to share their data (if prepared to do so), without being prescriptive. Elsevier makes it easy to link to datasets in other repositories, and has even started their own repository with Mendeley Data (that’s another blog post for another day). Elsevier has also jumped into the data journal game, with their open access Data in Brief publication. Data publications are emerging as a way for researchers to write an additional article that provides an in-depth description of datasets behind research. This article format provides data, which is typically buried in supplementary material, another avenue for discovery.

Imagine what could happen to the world of data sharing if a research giant like Elsevier made their policies less like principles and required research data sharing instead of suggesting it.

Springer Nature, formerly known as Springer and the Nature Publishing Group, announced a merger in January of 2015. The new publishing giant produces about 13% of the papers in the scholarly publishing market, still behind Elsevier (23%) (scholarly kitchen). About a year after the merger, the new publisher developed an approach to research data policies that would allow them to remain flexible across their wide range of journals.

Four different policy types:
  1. data sharing and data citation is encouraged
  2. data sharing and evidence of data sharing encouraged
  3. data sharing encouraged and statements of data availability required
  4. data sharing, evidence of data sharing and peer review of data required

The Springer Nature approach allows for flexibility and takes into account the current practices of each discipline the publisher supports. However, prior to submission, you need to know which policy your Springer Nature journal follows (yet another argument for following good data management practices from the start). Let’s take a closer look at each policy.

  • Research Data Policy Type 1 is the most lenient by encouraging data citation and sharing. I like to think of policy 1 as “data sharing lite,” because Springer Nature provides you with information about how to share and cite data, but you don’t necessarily have to. A few titles that fit into this category are: Academic Questions, Accreditation and Quality AssuranceAesthetic Plastic Surgery, Contemporary Islam, and Journal of Happiness Studies.
  • Research Data Policy Type 2 requires the authors to be more open with their relevant raw data by implying that the data will be available to any researcher who would like to reuse them for non-commercial purposes (barring confidentiality issues). This policy falls somewhere between “optional” and “mandatory.” The publisher is telling its journal policy 2 readers that this data is freely available for them to reuse, therefore warning, or preparing, the authors that they may be asked for their data. The easiest way to handle requests like this is to make is publicly available, with a citation and assigned digital object identifier in a repository. A few examples of type 2 journals include: Agronomy for Sustainable Development, BioEnergy Research, Brain Imaging and Behavior, and  Journal of Geovisualization and Spatial Analysis
  • Research Data Policy Type 3 is geared specifically for journals that publish research on the life sciences. When an author submits to policy 3 journals, they are strongly encouraged to deposit data in repositories. It is implied that all raw data is freely available (again, barring confidentiality issues) to any researcher who requests it. For policies 1 and 2, authors may deposit data in general repositories. However, for policy 3, researchers must deposit specific types of data in a list of prescribed repositories. For example, DNA and RNA sequencing data must be deposited in the NCBI Trace Archive or the NCBI Sequence Read Archive (SRA). A few examples of type 3 journals include: Journal of Hematology and Oncology, Nature Cell Biology, and Nature Chemistry.
  • Research Data Policy Type 4 requires that all of the datasets for the paper’s conclusion must be available to reviewers and readers. The datasets have to be available in repositories prior to the peer review process (or be made available in supplementary material) and is conditional upon publication that data is in the appropriate repository. Examples of type 4 journals include BMC Biology, Genome Biology, and Retrovirology.

AAAS, the American Association for the Advancement of Science is much smaller in scope than Springer Nature and Elsevier. AAAS is both a professional society and reputable publisher of six journals: Science; Science Translational Medicine;  Science Signaling; Science Advances; Science Immunology, and Science Robotics. Unlike the other two publishers, AAAS can set tight and strict policies surrounding research data because they publish a small percentage of what the other two produce. Datasets must be deposited in approved repositories with an accession number prior to publication. AAAS encourages compliance with MIBBI (Minimum Information for Biological and Biomedical Investigations) guidelines. AAAS provides a list of approved repositories based on data type (similar to Spring Nature type 4). Not only does AAAS stipulate that data must be available, but that all materials that are necessary to understand and assess the research must be made available. This includes code, patents, and even fossils or rare specimens. Please see AAAS’s publication policies for more information.

These publishers are ordered on a scale from “suggestive” and “encouraging” data policies to strict mandates for sharing research materials (AAAS). Ultimately, you should prepare your data and supporting research materials, like code, from the beginning of a research project as if you were going to publish in a AAAS journal. There are more reasons to that than following publisher data sharing mandates, which I’ll explore in future posts.

Virtual Reality for Cal Day

The Kresge Engineering Library will be one of the host sites for VR @ Berkeley, a student group that brings virtual reality to the campus community. By working with industry and UC-Berkeley researchers, VR @ Berkeley makes virtual reality an accessible experience. Each year, members of the group focus on a wide range of projects that bend the intersection between our physical realities and the virtual. Their work spans many applications including: changing the way we read and interact with textbooks, allowing medical workers in the field communicate with doctors in a more intuitive manner, and a virtual experience of our iconic, 61 bell Campanile.

Virtual Reality at Berkeley Landships


During Cal Day, the Kresge Engineering Library will be hosting Project Landships, a multiplayer tank combat simulator. Players can work together as a crew to aim, shoot, drive, and spot. The experience emulates a WWII Sherman Firefly Tank.

Check out other VR @ Berkeley Projects on Cal Day at the following locations:
1. Kresge Engineering Library
2. ESS Patio
3. Jacobs Hall
4. Sproul Plaza
5. The House (Bancroft)
6. Moffitt Library





Advanced PubMed workshop

PubMed logo

Want to make your searches for biomedical information more effective and efficient? The Library’s Life and Health Sciences Division is holding a hands-on workshop on advanced features of PubMed, including:

  • How to use filters to focus search results on specific article types, publication dates and more
  • How to add field tags to find articles by author, title, journal, and other criteria
  • How Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) can help you find additional relevant information
  • How to use My NCBI to save searches, set up alerts, and display results in your preferred format
  • How PubMed links to information in other NCBI resources

Location: Bioscience Library Training Room, 2101 VLSB
Date: Wednesday April 12
Time: 12 – 1 pm

No pre-registration is required; all are welcome.

Questions? Please contact Elliott Smith at esmith@library.berkeley.edu

EndNote (X8): Workshop

EndNote (X8): Citation & Document Manager: Hands-on Workshop

Use EndNote to manage your documents, organize your citations, import from databases, add pdfs, insert footnotes into your Word docs, and format bibliographies in any style (for Windows and Mac).

This hands-on workshop will cover getting started, adding citations, get full text, insert footnotes and create bibliographies.
The Bioscience Library Training room is equipped with PCs and EndNote X8, you are welcome to bring your laptop.

Open to all interested students and researchers; no registration is required.
Add this workshop to my bCal
Questions? Contact skoskine@library.berkeley.edu

Date: Tuesday, April 4.
Time: 4 – 5pm
Location: Bioscience Library Training room, 2189 VLSB (inside the library).

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