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Arts & Humanities

February New Books

You can find these titles and other recent acquisitions on the Art History / Classics Library’s New Book Shelf.

Rosa Barba : from source to poem
Rosa Barba : from source to poem

 

Daniel Frank / herausgegeben von Edith Carey
Daniel Frank / herausgegeben von Edith Carey

 

Wael Shawky : Crusades and other stories
Wael Shawky : Crusades and other stories

 

Sappers & shrapnel : contemporary art and the art of the trenches
Sappers & shrapnel : contemporary art and the art of the trenches

 

Melancolía / textos
Melancolía / textos

HTRC UnCamp 2018 comes to Moffitt, highlights power of digital humanities

Speaker gestures.
David Mimno of Cornell University gives the keynote presentation on Friday, Jan. 26, 2018, at the HathiTrust Research Center (HTRC) UnCamp 2018 in Moffitt Library. (Photo by Cade Johnson for the University Library)

How important is a word to a particular genre?

Who initiates violence more often: protesters or police?

What if we could search for things based on shape, rather than keywords?

At a conference for the digital humanities hosted by UC Berkeley, computer scientists and humanists gathered from around the U.S. to discuss bold research questions like these, made possible by growing stores of data in digital libraries and a few new machine learning tricks.

One such library is HathiTrust, a digital database of 16 million volumes. The organization, co-located at Indiana University and the University of Illinois, also has a research arm: the HathiTrust Research Center, or  HTRC, which offers tools and guidance for researchers wanting to mine the collection for new discoveries in human language and history.

In late January, the center held its 2018 HTRC UnCamp, filling the fifth floor of Moffitt Library with project presentations and crash courses on textual analysis. The conference also included break-out sessions throughout campus, in the D-Lab and the Berkeley Institute for Data Science, or BIDS.

Speakers present
Speakers listen to a question at the UnCamp on Thursday, Jan. 25, 2018. (Photo by J. Pierre Carrillo for the University Library)

The goal of the UnCamp was to pull together the diverse group of researchers using HathiTrust, from educators and librarians to community members, explained Robert McDonald, associate dean for research & technology strategies at Indiana University.

This conference in particular was exciting, McDonald said, because of a surge in community engagement and attendance as people have become more familiar with the database. About 150 people registered for this conference, he said, compared with about 30 at the last UnCamp, in 2015.

On its website, HathiTrust boasts several built-in algorithms that help researchers learn new things about texts based on their metadata — features such as word usage and page numbers. Most of the digitized texts in the collection are still under copyright, so researchers are cut off from studying them in traditional ways.

The benefit of HathiTrust’s database is that computers, not humans, are searching the texts, so researchers can still discover important linguistic clues without violating copyright.

The web-based tools on the site radically expand what researchers can do with their work. But perhaps more significantly, those capabilities also widen circles in the humanities, by introducing the need for new skills and surprising collaboration.

“Most humanities people, we just work alone — we sit in a room and write, or read,” said Loren Glass, an English professor at the University of Iowa who is using the database to study the relationship between where a writer is from and what they go on to write about. “I have enormously welcomed this collaborative laboratory dynamic where, instead, you sit in a room with other people with different skill sets and you’re able to all benefit from each other’s work.”

“The more of that, the better,” he said.

University of Nebraska researchers Leen-Kiat Soh and Elizabeth Lorang, who gave one of the keynote talks at the conference, are a good example. Soh is a computer scientist, Lorang, a poetry-loving librarian. Together, they created AIDA — a tool to search digitized images for specific types of literary content. At the conference, they showed how they’re using machine learning to find poems buried in historic newspapers.

Tens of millions of poems have been published in historic newspapers, but not all of them end up in the “poet’s corner.” They’re sprinkled throughout obituaries, marriage announcements, and advertisements. You’d have to comb through each newspaper by hand to find them — an impossible task.

Instead, the team tried to think about what a poem looks like. They measured the spaces between stanzas and the jaggedness of the right margins, and trained an algorithm to detect similar patterns across endless fields of black and white.

“The original idea was to find the poems, and then think about how to analyze the text,” Lorang said. “But now it’s become, let’s find them in order to make this possible for other people to do.”

“We could pursue this as a research project for years and years, but ultimately if there’s not uptake in the community, it’s not going to matter,” she continued. The conference, she said, was a chance to get feedback on their project, as well as get a better feel for where to go in the future.

The wider goal, she said, is to bring attention to lesser-known poems and correct some historical oversights. With our current search tools, we’re only ever looking for names and lines we already know about, she said.

Attendees chat at conference
David Bamman, right, and Laura Nelson chat at the UnCamp on Thursday, Jan. 25, 2018. (Photo by J. Pierre Carrillo for the University Library)

Many of the projects discussed focused on recovery work in our collective canon. Textual analysis and big data make lesser-known voices easier to find, giving us the chance to reshape the cultural record.

One conference guest, Annie Swafford, a digital humanities specialist at Tufts University, is curating a corpus of works by a group of British women who, in the 1880s, formed the first women’s literary dinner club. “Women didn’t just want to talk about clothes — they wanted intense, philosophical discussion,” Swafford said. She’s interested in how the vocabulary and themes of women’s writing of the time differed from their male counterparts.

Swafford came to the conference to discover new research tools for her work, but also to learn how to support others’ work. Swafford is Tuft University’s first digital humanities specialist, and next month, she’ll lead an introductory workshop on textual analysis. She said she’s excited to show people some of the HathiTrust tools. She particularly liked Bookworm, a simple program that compares the popularity of a word across place and time and can help teach students about how language is a changing phenomenon.

Participant speaks from audience
Jon Stiles speaks from the audience during the HathiTrust Research Center (HTRC) UnCamp 2018 on Thursday, Jan. 25, 2018. (Photo by Jami Smith for the University Library)

Audience members played with Bookworm on their personal computers during the conference. They also tried their hand at creating work sets with the HathiTrust database, and running simple text analyses such as topic modeling (where a computer sorts through word patterns and clusters related words together to give you an idea of what a text’s major themes are).

A major focus of the UnCamp was educating people about how to take advantage of HathiTrust’s digital collection. During the hands-on sessions, Chris Hench, a postdoc at the D-Lab and BIDS, presented an instructive module he built with Cody Hennesy, the campus’s information studies librarian, to teach people how to build worksets from the database. Teammate Alex Chan, a third-year computer science student, then showed attendees an example of the kinds of programs users can build to investigate those collections. He presented an algorithm he built that, after a bit of training, can automatically sort volumes into genres based on similarities in language.

The educational HTRC module, Hench said, was an extension of some of the data analysis training that Berkeley’s Division of Data Sciences has been offering around campus. Hench and the data science modules team visit a range of courses, working with students to answer relevant questions with crunchable data.

In an International & Areas Studies course, for example, students investigated different measurements of social inequality. The data team helped the class quantify the weight of societal factors such as education, wealth, and income, and plug them into an overall inequality assessment.

With all of the exciting content, most speakers barely finished their presentations in time, hurrying through their last slides, anxious to share final details.

Nick Adams, who works in BIDS, presented the web interface he developed to crowdsource the arduous hand-labeling work needed to train algorithms. Right now, he’s examining newspapers in 184 cities for stories on protests to analyze why and how police and protesters initiate violence.

In the last seconds of his talk, he turned to acknowledge his collaborator, Norman Gilmore.

“I’m a sociologist,” Adams said. “I’ve gotten into text analysis in the last few years … but I am not a software engineer. This would not have happened without Norman.”

 

Workshop: Publish Digital Books & Open Educational Resources with Pressbooks

Digital Publishing Workshop Series

Publish Digital Books & Open Educational Resources with Pressbooks
Tuesday, February 20th, 1:10-2:30pm
Academic Innovation Studio, Dwinelle Hall 117 (Level D)

If you’re looking to self-publish work of any length and want an easy-to-use tool that offers a high degree of customization, allows flexibility with publishing formats (EPUB, MOBI, PDF), and provides web-hosting options, Pressbooks may be great for you. Pressbooks is often the tool of choice for academics creating digital books, open textbooks, and open educational resources, since you can license your materials for reuse however you desire. Learn why and how to use Pressbooks for publishing your original books or course materials. You’ll leave the workshop with a project already under way! Register at bit.ly/dp-berk

Upcoming Workshops in this Series 2017-2018:

  • Scalar for Multimedia Digital Projects
  • Copyright and Fair Use for Digital Projects
  • Omeka for Digital Collections and Exhibits
  • By Design: Graphics & Images Basics
  • The Long Haul: Best Practices for Making Your Digital Project Last

Please see bit.ly/dp-berk for details.


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Theresa Hak Kyung Cha at Berkeley

Dictee: Theresa Hak Kyung Cha in Berkeley

January 31- April 22 ,the UC Berkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive (BAMPFA) exhibit, “Theresa Hak Kyung Cha: Avant Dictée” celebrates the prolific, short-lived career of the influential Asian American artist and writer Theresa Hak Kyung Cha. Centered around Cha’s magnum opus, Dictée, the exhibit will include extra-textual art and writing from Cha’s body of work which corresponds thematically to the ten chapters of Dictée. (more…)

New Books Added To The Graduate Services Collection In February

Three plays

Three Plays by Edward Albee

Death of a hero

Death Of A Hero by Richard Aldington with an introduction by James H. Meredith

Giovanni's room

Giovanni’s Room by James Baldwin

Somebody blew up America & other poems

Somebody Blew Up America And Other Poems by Amiri Baraka

The dream songs

The Dream Songs by John Berryman with an introduction by Michael Hofmann

Victory : an island tale

Victory: An Island Tale by Joseph Conrad with in an introduction by John Gray and notes and appendix by Robert Hampson

The enormous room

The Enormous Room by E.E. Cummings edited by George James Firmage, an introduction by Susan Cheever, and an afterword by Richard S. Kennedy

The Ariel poems

The Ariel Poems by T.S. Eliot with an note on the text by Christopher Ricks and Jim McCue

Mr. Mistoffelees : the Conjuring Cat

Mr. Mistoffelees: The Conjuring Cat by T.S. Eilot and Arthur Robins

Ferlinghetti's greatest poems

Ferlinghetti’s Greatest Poems by Lawrence Ferlinghetti edited by Nancy J. Peters

Concluding

Concluding by Henry Green with an introduction by Eudora Welty

Doting

Doting by Henry Green with an introduction by Michael Gorra

Image result for john hawkes travesty

Travesty by John Hawkes

Selected poems, 1966-1987

Selected Poems 1966-1987 by Seamus Heaney

The unfollowing

The Unfollowing by Lyn Hejinian

After the fireworks : three novellas

After The Fireworks: Three Novellas by Aldous Huxley with a forward by Gary Giddins

Christopher and his kind : 1929-1939

Christopher And His Kind 1929-1939 by Christopher Isherwood

Sioc Maidine: Morning Frost.

Morning Frost: Haiku by Jack Kerouac translated by Gabriel Rosenstock

Collected poems

Collected Poems by Galway Kinnell with an introduction by Edward Hirsch

The nothing

The Nothing by Hanif Kureishi

New selected poems

New Selected Poems by Robert Lowell edited by Katie Peterson

Waste of timelessness and other early stories

Waste Of Timelessness And Other Early Stories by Anais Nin with a foreword by Gunther Stuhlmann and an introduction by Allison Pease

A subject of scandal and concern ; &, Almost a vision

A Subject Of Scandal And Concern & Almost A Vision by John Osborne

Image result for The letters of Sylvia Plath / edited by Peter K. Steinberg and Karen V. Kukil.

The Letters Of Sylvia Plath Volume 1: 1940-1956 edited by Peter K. Steinberg and Karen V. Kukil

Wide Sargasso Sea

Wide Sargasso Sea by Jean Rhys with an introduction by Edwidge Danticat

Once and for all : the best of Delmore Schwartz

Once and For All: The Best Of Delmore Schwartz edited by Craig Morgan and an introduction by John Ashbery

Neil Simon's Musical fools

Neil Simon’s Musical Fools by Neil Simon, Phil Swann, and Ron West

The collected poems of Wallace Stevens

The Collected Poems Of Wallace Stevens (The Corrected Edition) edited by John N. Serio and Chris Beyers

Rosencrantz & Guildenstern are dead

Rosencrantz & Guildenstern Are Dead by Tom Stoppard with a new preface by the Author

Peter Taylor : complete stories 1938-1959

The Complete Stories: 1938-1959 by Peter Taylor edited by Ann Beattie

Peter Taylor : complete stories 1960-1992

The Complete Stories: 1960-1992 by Peter Taylor edited by Ann Beattie

Historians on history : readings

Historians On History (3rd Edition) edited by John Tosh

The complete works of Evelyn WaughnVol. 19, A little learning

The Complete Works Of Evelyn Waugh Volume 19: A Little Learning edited by John Howard Wilson and Barbara Cooke

Ann Veronica : a modern romance

Ann Veronica by H.G. Wells edited by Carey J. Synder

The invisible man

The Invisible Man by H.G. Wells edited with an introduction by Matthew Beaumont

The essential W.S. Merwin

The Essential W.S. Merwin edited by Michael Wiegers

Summer

Summer by Edith Wharton edited with an introduction and notes by Laura Rattray

Lanford Wilson : early stories, sketches, and poems

Lanford Wilson: Early Stories, Sketches, And Poems edited by David A. Crespy with an afterword by Marshall W. Mason

The wild swans at Coole (1919) : a facsimile edition

The Wild Swans At Coole: A Facsimile Edition by W.B. Yeats with an introduction and notes by George Bornstein

New Books Added To The Graduate Services Modern Authors Collection In January

Image result for Alteration Kingsley Amis William Gibson

The Alteration by Kingsley Amis with an introduction by William Gibson

Dear illusion : collected stories

Dear Illusion: Collected Stories by Kingsley Amis with a foreword by Rachel Cusk

Girl, 20

Girl, 20 by Kingsley Amis with an introduction by Howard Jacobson

One fat Englishman

One Fat Englishman by Kingsley Amis with an introduction by David Lodge

The system of Dante's Hell : a novel

The System Of Dante’s Hell by Amiri Baraka with an introduction by Woodie King Jr.

Tales : short stories

Tales: Short Stories by Amiri Baraka

Collected stories

Collected Stories by Saul Bellow edited by Janis Bellow with an introduction by James Wood

Herzog

Herzog by Saul Bellow with an introduction by Philip Roth

Ravelstein

Ravelstein by Saul Bellow with an introduction by Gary Shteyngart

James Joyce The Dover Reader.

The Dover James Joyce Reader by James Joyce

Dubliners

Dubliners by James Joyce edited by Keri Walsh

A portrait of the artist as a young man

A Portrait Of The Artist As A Young Man by James Joyce with a foreword by Karl Ove Knausgaard

Ulysses

Ulysses (Dublin Illustrated Edition) by James Joyce with an introduction by Bob Joyce and illustrated by Emma Byrne

Seduction of the Minotaur

Seduction Of The Minotaur by Anais Nin with an introduction by Anita Jarczok

Under a glass bell and other stories

Under A Glass Bell by Anais Nin with an introduction by Elizabeth Podnieks

Appointment in Samarra

Appointment In Samarra by John O’Hara with an introduction by Charles McGrath

The New York stories

The New York Stories by John O’Hara edited with an introduction by Steven Goldleaf and a foreword by E.L. Doctorow

Pal Joey : the novel and the libretto and lyrics

Pal Joey: The Novel And The Libretto And Lyrics by John O’Hara with a foreword by Thomas Mallon

Cathay

Cathay (The Centennial Edition) by Ezra Pound edited with an introduction by Zhaoming Qian

Posthumous cantos

Posthumous Cantos by Ezra Pound edited by Massimo Bacigalupo

Afternoon men

Afternoon Men by Anthony Powell with a foreword by Ed Park

Venusberg : a novel

Venusberg by Anthony Powell with a foreword by Levi Stahl

The poems of Dylan Thomas

The Poems of Dylan Thomas (Centenary Edition) edited and annotated by John Goodby

Under milk wood : a play for voices

Under Milk Wood: A Play For Voices by Dylan Thomas edited by Walford Davis and Ralph Maud

The island of Doctor Moreau

The Island Of Doctor Moreau by H.G. Wells edited with an introduction and notes by Darryl Jones

The time machine

The Time Machine by H.G. Wells edited with an introduction and notes by Roger Luckhurst

‘Dear Melissa’: TC Tolbert, poet laureate, bridges past and present in Morrison Library

Poet TC Tolbert reads in Morrison Library on Feb. 1, 2018, as part of the admission-free Lunch Poems series that takes place on the first Thursday of every month. (Photo by Cade Johnson for the University Library)
Poet TC Tolbert reads in Morrison Library on Feb. 1, 2018, as part of the admission-free Lunch Poems series. (Photo by Cade Johnson for the University Library)

When I say love, what I mean is not a feeling
Nor a promise of a feeling
I believe in attention
My love for you is a monolith of try.

So reads the first stanza of TC Tolbert’s poem “What Space Faith Can Occupy,” which filled the air of Morrison Library on Thursday afternoon during the Library’s Lunch Poems program.

The stanza comes from Gephyromania, a collection of poetry from Tolbert, who is the poet laureate of Tucson, Arizona. “Gephyromania” refers, literally, to an obsession with bridges — and it’s an idea that’s come to define much of Tolbert’s work.

Tolbert is transgender and writes often about the transition and experience of the body. Tolbert uses poetry as a bridge into and through his experiences, both painful and joyous.

As a preface to his reading, Tolbert shared personal details about his childhood with the audience. Tolbert is a survivor of childhood sexual and physical abuse, and was derided by his mother after coming out.

“All of those things have made me,” Tolbert told the audience. “And I’m finally at a place where I’m thankful for my life.”

During the reading, Tolbert shared a poem written to a woman named Melissa — his former self. Melissa is Tolbert’s birth name. By reading the poem, Tolbert said, he would “bring her into the room,” and thank her “for what she made possible for me, TC, now.”

The end of the poem reads:

Who hasn’t killed herself by growing into someone?
I’m sorry you have never been born
Because here, roughly here, here is what breaks from our breathing
Here is the blade of our breath …
What I wanted was not to breathe, but to be breathing
What I wanted was for everything to stop, but not end.

Leon Barros, a recent UC Berkeley graduate, found the reading special and powerful. Barros had previously read Gephyromania after stumbling upon it in the Library as a student. (He then checked it out and held on to it for eight months, constantly renewing it.)

“It was incredibly moving,” Barros said, “to see someone who tries to reconcile these sides of themselves and not necessarily feel that they have to choose a side, but inhabit all sides.”

Barros said that the concept of being in between identities touched him and resonated.

Many of Tolbert’s poems feel deeply personal and empathetic. Geoffrey O’Brien, the director of the Lunch Poems series, praised Tolbert for his ability to write poetry that not only examines his own identity, but incorporates the experiences and lives of others, as well.

In 2017, Tolbert was named poet laureate by Tucson’s mayor. In his community, Tolbert uses poetry to connect with others and uplift the voices those often silenced, particularly those of LGBTQ youths, immigrants, refugees, and youths of color.

“I’ve never seen a poet who’s more sensitive to a room, to the people populating it, and to everything that’s happening outside of this room in history as the poetry reading transpires,” O’Brien said to the audience while introducing the poet.


ABOUT LUNCH POEMS

Lunch Poems is a noontime poetry reading on the first Thursday of the month. Admission to the Morrison Library event is free. Check out the spring semester schedule. Watch videos of past readings. Support for this series is provided by Dr. and Mrs. Tom Colby, the Library, The Morrison Library Fund, the Dean’s office of the College of Letters and Sciences, and the Townsend Center for the Humanities. These events are also partially supported by Poets & Writers Inc., through a grant it has received from The James Irvine Foundation.

World Read Out Loud Day

World Read Out Loud Day: Influence, Inspire, Readby Taylor Follett, Literature and Digital Humanities Assistant

On February 1, 2018, celebrate storytelling and promote literacy on World Read Aloud Day. According to the LitWorld website, 750 million adults throughout the world, two-thirds of whom are women, don’t yet have basic reading and writing skills.  World Read Out Loud Day is a great way to connect with your community and communicate the value of contact with literary works. You might hold a “Poetry Pop-Up” or “Storytelling Cafe,” or encourage open-ended discussion as you read. Check out the World Read Out Loud Day website or the 2018 Packet for more ideas and information.

Ready to get started, but not sure what to read? Luckily, the library has books for all ages! We recommend the following:

(more…)

New Books In Graduate Services January 2018

The new spirit of capitalism

The New Spirit Of Capitalism by Luc Boltanski and Eve Chiapello

Postmetaphysical thinking. II, Essays and replies

Postmetaphysical Thinking II by Jurgen Habermas

The new imperialism

The New Imperialism by David Harvey

Steps to a new edition of the Hebrew Bible

Steps To A New Edition Of The Hebrew Bible by Ronald Hendel

Image result for Land and sea : a world-historical meditation / Carl Schmitt ; translated by Samuel Garrett Zeitlin

Land And Sea: A World-Historical Meditation by Carl Schmitt edited with an introduction by Russell A. Berman and Samuel Garett Zeitlin

Ursula K. Le Guin’s Legacy

:e Guin's Legacy At The Library

Magic, dragons, and wizarding schools—these words might conjure up images of Harry Potter, but before J. K. Rowling dominated the world of witchcraft and wizardry, Ursula K. Le Guin was investigating the power of language through a boy wizard in her novel series, The Wizard of Earthsea. Unlike Rowling, however, Le Guin’s early exploration of adolescent wizardry by no means defined her career as an author. For over five decades, she explored morality and humanity in a plethora of science fiction prose.

(more…)

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